The tables on this website of published results from testing ancient DNA were created as part of my personal research for what was eventually published as Ancestral Journeys: The Peopling of Europe. They were made available online in case they might prove useful to others, in the absence of an official online database maintained by an academic body. An official database would be far preferable and I would urge that one be created. The data here should be independently verified (by referring to the source from which it was taken) before any academic use. Specific issues:

Introduction to ancient DNA

In tracing relationships through genetics, researchers initially focused on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which is passed from mother to child, and Y-DNA, which is passed from father to son. Geneticists have identified haplogroups (groups of markers) in both these types of DNA, and drawn up the relationship between these haplogroups in phylogenetic trees. See Phylotree.org (mtDNA) and Phylotree.org/Y/ (Y-DNA). A map has been compiled by Rosenblatt showing the location from which ancient Y-DNA samples were taken.

In recent years, it has been possible, using Next Generation Sequencing, to extract genome-wide DNA from ancient samples. Montgomery Slatkin and Fernando Racimo 2016 (open access paper) helpfully include maps showing where such published samples came from.


The results of pioneer studies of ancient DNA may be unreliable for several reasons:

More problems

Genes for pigmentation, lactose tolerance and HIV resistance