Celtic tribes of Northern England

Celtic tribes of southern Britain c. 150 AD. Click to enlarge in pop-up windowCentral Britain c. 500 AD. Click to enlarge in pop-up windowFrom Hadrian's Wall as far south as the rivers Humber and Mersey. For England north of Hadrian's Wall, see Southern Scotland and North East England. For an introduction to the Celtic tribes of Britain, see the main page for Celtic Tribes of the British Isles.


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  1. Claudius Ptolemy, The Geography, II.2; J. T. Koch, An Atlas for Celtic Studies (2007), map 15.
  2. A.L.F. Rivet and C. Smith, The Place-Names of Roman Britain (1979), pp. 278-280; C. R. Ross, Tribal Territories from the Humber to the Tyne: An analysis of artefactual and settlement patterning in the Late Iron Age and Early Roman Periods, BAR, vol. 540 (2011).
  3. Cornelius Tacitus, The Annals, 12.36, 40; Tacitus, The Histories, 3.45; Tacitus, Agricola, 19-23.
  4. National Monuments Record: NZ 11 SE 2; Cartimandua's Capital? The Late Iron Age Royal Site at Stanwick, North Yorkshire, Fieldwork and Analysis 1981-2011, ed. C. Haselgrove (CBA 2016).
  5. T. Codrington, The Roman Roads in Britain (1903), introduction.
  6. B. Collingwood and R.P. Wright (eds.), The Roman Inscriptions of Britain (1965), nos. 933, 2285a.
  7. Claudius Ptolemy, The Geography, II.2.
  8. Claudius Ptolemy, The Geography, II.2.
  9. J.T. Koch, Celtic Culture: a historical encyclopedia (2006), pp. 87-88.
  10. C. Morely, Chariots and migrants in East Yorkshire: dismantling the argument, Movement, Mobility and Migration, Archaeological Review from Cambridge, vol. 23.2 (November 2008), pp. 69-91.
  11. M. Jay et al., Chariots and Context: new radiocarbon dates from Wetwang and the chronology of Iron Age burials and brooches in East Yorkshire, Oxford Journal of Archaeology, vol. 31, no. 2 (May 2012) pp. 161–189; A. Boyle, Riding into history, British Archaeology, no. 76, (May 2004); A. Boyle et al., Site D (Ferry Fryston) in the Iron Age and Romano-British periods, in F. Brown et al., The Archaeology of the A1 (M) Darrington to Dishforth Road Scheme (2007), pp. 43-159.
  12. S. Carter and F. Hunter, An Iron Age chariot burial from Scotland, Antiquity, vol. 77, no. 297 (September 203), pp. 531-535.
  13. Claudius Ptolemy, The Geography, II.2.
  14. B. Collingwood and R.P. Wright (eds.), The Roman Inscriptions of Britain (1965), no. 1695.