Ancient DNA of the Xiongnu, Hsiung-nu or Huns

Mitochondrial and Y-chromosome haplogroups extracted from historic and prehistoric human remains in Asia identified as Xiongnu, Hsiung-nu or Huns, arranged chronologically. For haplogroup nomenclature and aDNA issues see Introduction to ancient DNA

Culture

Country

Site and/or Individual

Sex

Date

Y-DNA

mtDNA

Source




usually approximate Haplogroup Additional information Haplogroup Additional information
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu? Kazakhstan Birlik (Kourgan 1,8,9,11,12,23,29)
800-400 BC

G2 16189, 16223, 16278 Lalueza-Fox 2004

Kazakhstan Birlik (Kourgan 1,8,9,11,12,23,29)
800-400 BC

H CRS Lalueza-Fox 2004
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu

Mongolia

Egyin Gol Valley [EG68] F 300 BC-200 AD

D4o1? 16223T, 16239T, 16243C, 16319A, 16362C. Reported as A Keyser-Tracqui 2003, Keyser-Tracqui 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG83 bis, EG91] Inf 300 BC-200 AD

D4o1 Two samples 16179T, 16192T, 16223T, 16290T, 16319A, 16362C. Reported as A Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG93] F 300 BC-200 AD

D4o1 16223T, 16290T, 16293C, 16319A, 16362C. Reported as A Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG35, EG36, EG37A] F, F,

Inf

300 BC-200 AD

D4o1 Three samples 16223T, 16290T, 16319A, 16362C. Reported as A Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG63] F 300 BC-200 AD

D4o1 16183G, 16189C, 16223T, 16274A, 16290T, 16319A, 16362C. Reported as A Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG84.1] M 300 BC-200 AD

B4b 16086C, 16136C, 16183C, 16189C, 16217C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG39] F 300 BC-200 AD

C4a1? 16093Y, 16129A, 16223T, 16298C, 16327T. Reported as C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG49] F 300 BC-200 AD

C 16129A, 16223T, 16298C, 16327T Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu

Mongolia

Egyin Gol Valley [EG50] M 300 BC-200 AD

C 16223T, 16291T, 16298C, 16327T, Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG56] F 300 BC-200 AD

C 16223T, 16239T, 16298C, 16300G, 16327T, 16357C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG47] M 300 BC-200 AD

C5 16093C, 16223T, 16288C, 16298C, 16327T. Reported as C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG66] F 300 BC-200 AD

C 16093C, 16129A, 16213A, 16223T, 16298C, 16327T Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG61] M 300 BC-200 AD

D4 16223T, 16311C, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG41] M 300 BC-200 AD

D4 16082Y, 16223T, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG65, EG77] M + F 300 BC-200 AD

D4 2 samples of 16223T, 16274A, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG32A, EG72] M 300 BC-200 AD

D4 2 samples of 16093C, 16223T, 16254T, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG48] F 300 BC-200 AD

D4 16223T, 16362C, 16368C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG46, EG52, EG54, EG57] M 300 BC-200 AD

D4 4 samples of 16223T, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG28, EG73, EG74] 2 M + Inf 300 BC-200 AD

D4 3 samples of 16223T, 16232T, 16290T, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG88, EG94] M 300 BC-200 AD

D4 2 samples of 16223T, 16274A, 16311C, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG70] M 300 BC-200 AD C RPS4Y
YSearch: A58E5
D4 16223T, 16274A, 16311C, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010; Petkovski 2006
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG53, EG69] M 300 BC-200 AD

D5 / D5a 2 samples of 16092C, 16189C, 16223T, 16311C, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG82, EG83] F + Inf 300 BC-200 AD

F1b 2 samples of 16093C, 16183C, 16189C, 16304C, Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG32A, EG72] M 300 BC-200 AD

D4 2 samples of 16093C, 16223T, 16254T, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG48] F 300 BC-200 AD

D4 16223T, 16362C, 16368C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG46, EG52, EG54, EG57] M 300 BC-200 AD

D4 4 samples of 16223T, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG28, EG73, EG74] 2 M + Inf 300 BC-200 AD

D4 3 samples of 16223T, 16232T, 16290T, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG88, EG94] M 300 BC-200 AD

D4 2 samples of 16223T, 16274A, 16311C, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG58, EG59] M F 300 BC-200 AD

F1b 2 samples of 16183C, 16189C, 16232A, 16249C, 16304C, 16311C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG25A] M 300 BC-200 AD

G2a 16223T, 16227G, 16278T, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG27] M 300 BC-200 AD

J1 16069T, 16092C, 16129C, 16261T Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG18A] M 300 BC-200 AD

J1 16069T, 16092C, 16129C, 16261Y Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG92] M 300 BC-200 AD

M 16066G, 16223T, 16311C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG90] F 300 BC-200 AD

M 16129A, 16223T Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG95] M 300 BC-200 AD

U2 16129C, 16183C, 16193iC, 16362C Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG76, EG86] F 300 BC-200 AD

U5a 2 samples of 16256T, 16270T, 16365T. Reported as U5a1a Keyser-Tracqui 2003, 2006; Ricaut 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG19] M 300 BC-200 AD N3 M242 C, TAT C, RPS4Y C

Petkovski 2006
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Egyin Gol Valley [EG112] M 300 BC-200 AD Q M242 T, TAT T, RPS4Y C

Petkovski 2006
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Duurlig Nars [MNX3] M 300- 100 BC R1a1a; [reported as R1a1] M173 SRY10831.2

M17

U2e1 73, 152, 217, 263, 3151C, 340, 12308, 12372, 15907, 16051, 16093, 16129C, 16182C, 16183C, 16189, 16362 Kim 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Duurlig Nars [MNX4] F 300BC–100AD

D4 73, 263, 3091C, 3151C, 3010, 5178A, 16223, 16362 Kim 2010
Xiongnu a.k.a. Hsiung-nu Mongolia Duurlig Nars [MNX2] M 100BC–100AD C3 RPS4Y711; M217 D4 73, 263, 3091C, 3151C, 3010, 5178A, 16223, 16311, 16362 Kim 2010