Medieval and Modern European and West Asian DNA

Mitochondrial and Y-chromosome haplogroups extracted from medieval human remains in Europe and related remains in Asia, arranged chronologically. For haplogroup nomenclature and aDNA issues see Introduction to ancient DNA.

Culture

Country

Site and/or Individual

Sex

Date

Y-DNA

mtDNA

Source



pigmentation from genes
All dates AD Haplogroup Additional information Haplogroup Additional information
Anglo-Saxon England Oakington [O2] F 385-535

H1g1
Schiffels 2016
Anglo-Saxon England Oakington [O3] F 395-540

T2a1a
Schiffels 2016
Anglo-Saxon England Oakington [O4] F 400- 545 H1at1 Schiffels 2016
Anglo-Saxon England Oakington [O1] F 420-570

U5a2a1
Schiffels 2016
Anglian Bernicia England, UK Norton, Cleveland Market [N9]
400-600

H CRS Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian England, UK Norton, Cleveland Market [N12]
400-600

H 126, 293C. Reported as J. Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian England, UK Norton, Cleveland Market [N3]
400-600

H2b 298, 311 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian England, UK Norton, Cleveland Market [N16]
400-600

I 129, 223 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian England, UK Norton, Cleveland Market [N15]
400-600

T2e 126, 153, 294 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian England, UK Norton, Cleveland Market [N7, N19]
400-600

U5a 2 samples: 192, 256, 270, 311 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian England, UK Norton, Cleveland Market [N11]
400-600

U5a1b1 192, 256, 270, 291. Reported as U5a1. Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglian England, UK Norton, Cleveland Market  [N20, N57]
400-600

W 2 samples: 223, 292 Töpf 2006, 2007
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700

H 11 samples CRSin HVI; nt73 HVR-II - G Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700

H 12 samples CRS in HVI; nt73 HVR-II - A Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700

H 11 samples 16362; nt73 HVR-II - A Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700

J 3 samples: 16069, 16126, 16390 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700

J 3 samples 16069, 16126 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700

J 2 samples 16069, 16126, 16278, 16366 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700

K 16224, 16311 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700

M1 2 samples 16129, 16185, 16189, 16223, 16249, 16311 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700

T 16126, 16189, 16294 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700

T2 16126, 16294, 16296, 16304 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700

T2 16126, 16266, 16274, 16294, 16304 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700

U2 16051, 16092, 16129C, 16192, 16362 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700

U2 16051, 16129C, 16183, 16189, 16362 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700

U5 16192, 16270 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700

U5 16176, 16270 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700

U5 16172, 16189, 16192, 16270, 16311 Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta
500-700

HV0 16298. Reported as V. Alzualde 2006
Basque? Spain Aldaieta M 500-700 R1 2 samples M173

Alzualde 2007
Basque? Spain Aldaieta M 500-700 R1b 19 samples M173, M198-

Alzualde 2007
Basque? Spain Aldaieta M 500-700 R1b1a2a1a2a1a1a1 2 samples M153

Alzualde 2007
Basque? Spain Aldaieta M 500-700 I 4 samples M170

Alzualde 2007
Lombard Italy Centallo, San Gervasio (Cuneo) [cenII1]
500-700

H2b 16311C Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Centallo, San Gervasio (Cuneo) [cenII39]
500-700

J 16069T, 16126C Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Mombello Monferrato (Alessandria) [mom7]
500-700

H CRS Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Mombello Monferrato (Alessandria) [mom16]
500-700

H24 16293G, 16311C Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Mombello Monferrato (Alessandria) [mom21-1]
500-700

J 16069T, 16126C Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Mombello Monferrato (Alessandria) [mom20]
500-700

J2a2c 16069T, 16126C 16231C, 16311C Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Mombello Monferrato (Alessandria) [mom9-1]
500-700

T2e 16093C, 16126C, 16153A Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Rivoli, La Perosa (Turin) [per4]
500-800

H 16362C Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Rivoli, La Perosa (Turin) [per36]
500-800

H CRS Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Rivoli, La Perosa (Turin) [per9F]
500-800

H2b 16311C Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Rivoli, La Perosa (Turin) [per3F]
500-800

U5a2a 16114A, 16192T, 16256T, 16270T, 16294T Vai 2015
Lombard Hungary Szolad [4, 18, 28, 30, 32, 37, 43]
530-600

H
Alt 2014
Lombard Hungary Szolad [15]
530-600

H1c1
Alt 2014
Lombard Hungary Szolad [3]
530-600

H2a2b
Alt 2014
Lombard Hungary Szolad [19, 38]
530-600

HV
Alt 2014
Lombard Hungary Szolad [25, 45]
530-600

J
Alt 2014
Lombard Hungary Szolad [9]
530-600

J1b1a
Alt 2014
Lombard Hungary Szolad [5]
530-600

J2b
Alt 2014
Lombard Hungary Szolad [11, 42]
530-600

K
Alt 2014
Lombard Hungary Szolad [27]
530-600

N1a
Alt 2014
Lombard Hungary Szolad [13, 22]
530-600

N1b2
Alt 2014
Lombard Hungary Szolad [40]
530-600

T2
Alt 2014
Lombard Hungary Szolad [7]
530-600

T2e
Alt 2014
Lombard Hungary Szolad [17]
530-600

U
Alt 2014
Lombard Hungary Szolad [24, 36, 41]
530-600

U4
Alt 2014
Lombard Italy Collegno (Turin) [lonI4]
570–650

I2a 16145A, 16223T, 16325C, 16362C Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Collegno (Turin) [lonI41]
570–650

H2a2b1 16235G Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Collegno (Turin) [lonI48]
570–650

H24 16293G, 16311C Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Collegno (Turin) [lonI63]
570–650

T2e 16126C, 16153A, 15183C, 16189C, 16294T Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Rivoli, Corso Levi (Turin) [riv 70, 85, 116]
600-800

H 3 samples CRS Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Rivoli, Corso Levi (Turin) [riv22]
600-800

H6a1b1 16284G, 16294T Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Rivoli, Corso Levi (Turin) [riv25s2]
600-800

J 16069T, 16126C Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Rivoli, Corso Levi (Turin) [riv25s1]
600-800

T 16126C, 16294T Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Rivoli, Corso Levi (Turin) [riv90]
600-800

U2e1 16051G, 16129C, 16256T Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Rivoli, Corso Levi (Turin) [riv68]
600-800

U4 16129A, 16356C Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Rivoli, Corso Levi (Turin) [riv103]
600-800

U5a1b1e 16129A, 16256T, 16270T, 16294T Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Collegno (Turin) [lonII54]
650-700

J 16069T, 16126C, 16153A Vai 2015
Anglo-Saxon England Hinxton [HS 2] F 631-776

K1a4a1a2b
Schiffels 2016
Anglo-Saxon England Norton Bishopsmill, Teesside [NO3423] M 650–910 I1 S107+ H1a Martiniano 2016
Anglo-Saxon England Hinxton [HS 1] F 666-770

H2a2b1
Schiffels 2016
Anglo-Saxon England Hinxton [HS 3] F 690-881

H2a2a1
Schiffels 2016
Merovingian Germany Ergolding [244E] M 670 G2a Y-Search H6KZ2, QCX3T; Gi in STR table

Vanek 2009
Merovingian Germany Ergolding [244F] M 670 G2a Y-Search 2SRMA;
Gii in STR table


Vanek 2009
Merovingian Germany Ergolding [244A and B] M 670 R1b Siblings: Y-Search 6QUDR;
Rbii in STR table


Vanek 2009
Merovingian Germany Ergolding [244C] M 670 R1b Y-Search H78RA;
Rbiii in STR table


Vanek 2009
Merovingian Germany Ergolding [244D] M 670 R1b Y-Search ZYRUU;
Rbiv in STR table


Vanek 2009
Islamic France Nimes [SP7089] M 637-765 E1b1b1b M81 K1a4a Gleize 2016
Islamic France Nimes [SP9269] M 649-767 E1b1b1b M81 H1 Gleize 2016
Islamic France Nimes [SP7080] M 684-876 E1b1b1b M81 L1c3a Gleize 2016
Lombard Italy Collegno (Turin) [lonIII2]
700-800

H2b 16311C Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Collegno (Turin) [lonIII20]
700-800

H CRS Vai 2015
Lombard Italy Collegno (Turin) [lonIII34]
700-800

U5a1b1e 16256T, 16270T, 16294T Vai 2015
Proto-Bulgarian Bulgaria Nojarevo [NJ 50]
700-900

H1r1 16111 16173 16183 16278 Nesheva 2015
Proto-Bulgarian Bulgaria Nojarevo [NJ 54]
700-900

J1b1a1 16069 16126 16145 16172 16222 16261 Nesheva 2015
Proto-Bulgarian Bulgaria Nojarevo [NJ 77]
700-900

HV1 16055 16067 Nesheva 2015
Proto-Bulgarian Bulgaria Nojarevo [NJ 84]
700-900

T2 16126 16274 16294 16296 Nesheva 2015
Proto-Bulgarian Bulgaria Nojarevo [NJ 125]
700-900

H2a2a1 CRS Nesheva 2015

Russia Devichi gory,near Lake Zhizhitsa / Sennitsa, Pskov oblast [A5] M 700-1000 N1c
? CRS. Reported as H2 Chekunova 2014
Saltovo-Mayaki Russia Podgorovsky [A80301] M 700-900 R1a1a1b2a2 Z94+, Z95+ I4a Afanasiev, Wen 2015
Saltovo-Mayaki Russia Podgorovsky [A80302] 700-900 D4m2 Afanasiev, Wen 2015
Saltovo-Mayaki Russia Podgorovsky [A80410] M 700-900 G ? Afanasiev, Wen 2015
Saltovo-Mayaki Russia Podgorovsky [A80411] M 700-900 J2a M410+ ? Afanasiev, Wen 2015
Saltovo-Mayaki Russia Aksenov and Demetrius, Middle Don M 750-900 G2 6 samples

Afanasyev, Dobrovolskaya 2015
Viking Norway Oseberg ship burial F 780-790

U7
Holck 2006

Hungary Zalavár 23
8000-9000

H? CRS, HVSI only tested, reported as H Guba 2011

Spain Santa Cruz de la Seros, Huesca, Aragon [Femur 1] M 776-900 R1b1a2 M269 H 16069T, 16126C, 16300G Núńez 2011

Spain Santa Cruz de la Seros [Femur 3] M 807-974 R (xR1a) M207, analysis failed on M269 U5a 16192T, 16256T, 16270T Núńez 2011

Spain Santa Cruz de la Seros [Femur 2] M 885-985

H 16291T Núńez 2011

Spain Santa Cruz de la Seros [Rib 1] M 885-987

H? CRS Núńez 2011

Spain Santa Cruz de la Seros [Femur 5] M 885-991

H 16069T, 16126C, 16300G Núńez 2011

Spain Santa Cruz de la Seros [Femur 4] M 889-991

H? CRS Núńez 2011

Czech Republic Tetin [Grave 7] M 870-950 G2 M201

Kubálek 2008
Proto-Bulgarian Bulgaria Tuhovishte [TUH 448]
800-1000

H13a2c1 16148 16256 Nesheva 2015
Proto-Bulgarian Bulgaria Tuhovishte [TUH 449]
800-1000

H5 16304 Nesheva 2015
Proto-Bulgarian Bulgaria Tuhovishte [TUH 1649]
800-1000

H2a2a1 CRS Nesheva 2015
Proto-Bulgarian Bulgaria Tuhovishte [TUH 1652]
800-1000

T 16126 16294 Nesheva 2015
Proto-Bulgarian Bulgaria Tuhovishte [TUH 1665]
800-1000

H1a2 16219 16325 Nesheva 2015
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W55]
890–1020

H CRS Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W21]
890–1020

H 16222 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W22]
890–1020

H 16162G Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W51]
890–1020

H 16221 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W5]
890–1020

? 16172C, 16187T, 16189C, 16217C, 16223T Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W27 and W37]
890–1020

H? 2 samples 16126C. Reported as J Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W9]
890–1020

H? 16224C, 16293G, 16311C. Reported as K Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W30]
890–1020

U5b1 16189, 16270 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W14]
890–1020

? 16183C, 16189, 16239 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W32 and W18]
890–1020

T1a 16126, 16163, 16186, 16189, 16294 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W38]
890–1020

T1 16126, 16163, 16186, 16189, 16294, 16193D Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W25]
890–1020

T1 16126, 16163, 16186, 16189, 16294, 16193D, 16239 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W49]
890–1020

T2? 16126, 16294, 16304, 16192, 16207 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W29]
890–1020

T2? 16126, 16294, 16304, 16192, 16260 Töpf 2006, 2007
Anglo-Saxon England, UK Castle Mall, Norwich [W6]
890–1020

X2e1 16189A, 16223T, 16271C, 16278T Töpf 2006, 2007
Proto-Bulgarian Bulgaria [Monastery of Mostich MM 1.2]
900-1000

H1t1a1 16092 16142 16266 278 Nesheva 2015
Proto-Bulgarian Bulgaria [Monastery of Mostich MM 1.3]
900-1000

U3 16343 Nesheva 2015
Proto-Bulgarian Bulgaria [Monastery of Mostich MM 1.4]
900-1000

J 16069 16126 Nesheva 2015
Viking Norway Flakstad [5858] F


H1a 16162G Naumann 2013
Viking Norway Flakstad [5861, 5864A, 5864B*] M


H* 3 samples rCRS Naumann 2013
Viking Norway Flakstad [5863A] F


J* 16069T, 16126C, 16184T Naumann 2013
Viking Norway Flakstad [5863B*] M


H* 16153A, 16189C, 304C Naumann 2013
Viking Norway Flakstad [5864C*] juv


U4 16134T, 16240G, 16286A, 16356C Naumann 2013
Viking Norway Flakstad [5865A] M


J1b1 16069T, 16126C, 16145A, 16172C, 16192T, 16222T, 16261T Naumann 2013
Viking Norway Flakstad [5865B*] F


U5a 16192T, 16256T, 16270T, 16291T, 16325C Naumann 2013
Viking Norway [A7437, A0642, A4511, A4512, A4566, A4638, A5187, A5864A, A5864B]



H* 9 samples of CRS Krzewińska 2015










Viking Norway Telemark [A1645]



H* 16189C Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Sřr-Trřndelag [A4564]



H* 16218T Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nordland [A4623]



H* 16183C 16189C Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nordland [A5863B]



H* 16153A 16189C 16304C Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nordland [A5287]



H2a1 16354T Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Oppland [A1517]



H6 16362C Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nordland [A3708]



HV0 16126C 16298C Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nordland [A4727]



HV0 16298C Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Hedmark [A4006]



HV4a 16129A 16221T Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Sřr-Trřndelag [A4565]



HV9a 16311C Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nord-Trřndelag [A3705]



H1k/A4b 16188T 16189C 16223T 16290T 16319A 16356C 16362C Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nordland [A5304]



I* 16129A 16145A 16223T 16391A Krzewińska 2015










Viking Norway Nordland [A4268]



I1 16129A 16223T 16311C 16391A Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nordland and Nord-Trřndelag [A0253, A5314, A5301]



J1 3 samples 16069T 16126C Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nordland [A5865A]



J1b1 16069T 16126C 16145A 16172C 16192T 16222T 16261T Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nordland [A5316, A5317]



J1d/J2b 2 samples 16069T 16126C 16193T 16278T Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Troms [A4049]



K* 16224C 16291T 16311C Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Troms [A4343]



K* 16224C 16311C Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nord-Trřndelag [A4480]



K* 16169T 16224C 16246T 16311C Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nordland [A5195]



K1a11 16129A 16224C 16270T 16311C Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nordland [A5315]



T2b 16126C 16172C 16294T 16296T 16304C Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nordland [A1522]



U1/U5a 16074G 16189C 16192T 16249C 16270T Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nordland [A4621]



U3a 16343G 16390A Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nordland [A5864C]



U4 16134T 16240G 16286A 16356C Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nordland [A4491]



U5 16093C 16192T 16256T 16270T 16291T Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nordland [A5865B]



U5 16192T 16256T 16270T 16291T 16325C Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Troms [A4643]



U5 16168T 16192T 16256T 16270T 16304C Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nordland [A4295]



U5a 16129A 16192T 16256T 16270T 16291T Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Oppland [A3777]



U5a/U5b2 16192T 16249C 16270T 16311C Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nordland [A4448]



U5b1b1 16144C 16148T 16189C 16270T 16335G Krzewińska 2015
Viking Norway Nord-Trřndelag [A4506]



V* 16298C 16301T Krzewińska 2015
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G1]
1000

K 7028T, 12308G, 16126C, 16224C, 16311C, 16320T Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G2]
1000

H 7028C, 16093C Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G3]
1000

H 7028C, 16278T, 16212G, 16222T, 16255A Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G4]
1000

H 7028C, 16213A Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G5 and G11]
1000

U5a1a 2 samples 7028T, 12308G, 16256T, 16270T, 16399G Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G6]
1000

I 10034C, 16129A, 16223T, 16391A Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G7]
1000

X2c 7028T 14470C 8705C 16189C 16223T 16255A 16278T Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G8]
1000

H 7028C 16174T Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G9]
1000

T2b 7028T 16126T 16294T 16296T 16304C, reported as T2 Melchior 2008b
Viking Denmark Galgedil, Island of Funen [G10]
1000

H5 7028C 16172C 16304C, reported as H Melchior 2008b

Poland Cedynia [323 and 172]
900-1400

H 2 samples 7028C, CRS in HVR I Juras 2012

Poland Cedynia [269]
900-1400

H2a1 7028C, 16354T, reported as H Juras 2012

Poland Cedynia [645]
900-1400

H 7028C, 16189C Juras 2012

Poland Cedynia [936]
900-1400

H 7028C, 16126C, 16362T Juras 2012

Poland Cedynia [805]
900-1400

H1a 7028C, 16162G Juras 2012

Poland Cedynia [119]
900-1400

K1 1189C, 16224C, 16311C Juras 2012

Poland Cedynia [LX 19]
900-1400

K2 1189T, 146C, 152T, 16222T, 16224T, 16270T, 16311C Juras 2012

Poland Cedynia [02]
900-1400

X2 1719G, 146C, 195C, 16183C, 16189C, 16223T, 16258C, 16266T, 16274A, 16278T Juras 2012

Poland Cedynia [708]
900-1400

X2 1719A, 146T, 195C, 16183C, 16189C, 16223T, 16278T Juras 2012

Poland Cedynia [615]
900-1400

HV 7028T, 14766T, 16189C, 16271C Juras 2012

Poland Cedynia [1008]
900-1400

J1b 16069T, 16126C, 16145A, 16222T, 16261T Juras 2012

Poland Cedynia [67]
900-1400

R0a 16126C, 16362C Juras 2012

Poland Cedynia [695]
900-1400

HV0* 72C, 7028T, 16129A, 16145A, 16298C Juras 2012

Poland Cedynia [773]
900-1400

N1b 16145A, 16176G, 16209C, 16223T Juras 2012
Magyar Hungary Karos-Eperjesszög III [1] M 900-950 R1b1b1a B4d1 16183C 16189C 16217C 207A 263G 7028T 9 bp del 11719A 14766T Neparáczki 2016 (2 papers)
Magyar Hungary Karos-Eperjesszög III [3] 900-950 R1b1b1a H6a1b 16362C 239C 263G Neparáczki 2016 (2 papers)
Magyar Hungary Karos-Eperjesszög III [4] M 900-950 J1c7a 16069T 16092C 16126C 16261T 228A 263G 295T 7028T 11719A 12612G 14766T Neparáczki 2016 (2 papers)
Magyar Hungary Karos-Eperjesszög III [5] 900-950 B4d1 16183C 16189C 16217C 263G 7028T 9 bp del 11719A 14766T Neparáczki 2016 (2 papers)
Magyar Hungary Karos-Eperjesszög III [6] 900-950 B4d1 16183C, 16189C 16217C 263G 7028T 9 bp del 11719A 14766T Neparáczki 2016 (2 papers)
Magyar Hungary Karos-Eperjesszög III [8] 900-950 U2e1b 217C, 16129C, 16256T, 16051G 16189C 16362C 263G 7028T 11467G 11719A 14766T Neparáczki 2016 (2 papers)
Magyar Hungary Karos-Eperjesszög III [9] 900-950 U2 16051G 263G 7028T 11467G 11719A 14766T Neparáczki 2016
Magyar Hungary Karos-Eperjesszög III [10] 900-950 H5e2 16189C 16294T, 16304C, 263G Neparáczki 2016 (2 papers)
Magyar chief Hungary Karos-Eperjesszög III [11] 900-950 X2f 16093C, 16189C 16223T 16278T 195C 257G 263G 6371T 7028T 11719A 12705T, 14766T Neparáczki 2016 (2 papers)
Magyar Hungary Karos-Eperjesszög III [12] M 900-950 I2a A12 16183C 16189C 16223T 16290T 16319A 235G 263G 4248C 7028T 11719A 12705T 14766T Neparáczki 2016 (2 papers)
Magyar Hungary Karos-Eperjesszög III [13] 900-950 B4/5 16189C 263G 7028T 9 bp del 11719A 14766T Neparáczki 2016
Magyar Hungary Karos-Eperjesszög III [14] 900-950 T1a1b 16126C 16163G 16186T 16189C 16294T 195G 263G 7028T 11719A 13368A 14766T Neparáczki 2016 (2 papers)
Magyar Hungary Karos-Eperjesszög III [15] 900-950 J2a1 16069T 16126C 16362C 16263 del, 263G 295T 7028T 11719A 12612G 14766T Neparáczki 2016 (2 papers)
Magyar Hungary Karos-Eperjesszög III [16] 900-950 U5a1a2a 16256T 16270T 16399G, 263G 7028T 11467G 11719A 14766T Neparáczki 2016 (2 papers)
Magyar Hungary Karos-Eperjesszög III [17] M 900-950 I2a H6a1a 16362C, 16399G, 239C, 263G Neparáczki 2016 (2 papers)
Magyar Hungary Karos-Eperjesszög III [18 and 19] 900-950 T1a10a 2 samples 16126C 16163G 16186T 16189C 294T 214G 263G 7028T 11719A 13368A 14766T Neparáczki 2016

Hungary Harta-Freifelt 10.tomb [anc25] F 900-950 H5e1a 16294T, 16304C Tömöry 2007; Neparáczki 2016 (Revision)

Hungary Oroshaza-Gorbics tanya 2.tomb [anc3] F 900-1000

N1a1a1a1a 10238C, 16147A, 16172C, 16183C, 16189C, 16223T, 16320T, 16355T, Mitosearch ID: 75QFP Tömöry 2007; Neparáczki 2016 (Revision)

Hungary Aldebro-Mocsaros 25. tomb [anc7] F 900-1000

U4 12308G, 16356C Tömöry 2007

Hungary Besenyotelek-Szorhat 1. tomb [anc8] M 900-1000

N1a +10237HphI, +10871MnlI, 16147A, 16172C, 16183C, 16189C, 16223T, 16248T, 16320T, 16355T Mitosearch ID: QDGKZ Tömöry 2007

Hungary Eger-Szepasszonyvolgy 4. tomb [anc9] 900-1000

U -73ApaLI, +7025AluI, 12308G, +14766MseI, 16259A, 16311C Tömöry 2007
Magyar Hungary Szarvas 23/20
900-1000

N9a 16223T, 16257A, 16261T Guba 2011; Banffy 2012
Hungary Sarretudvar-Hizofold 213. tomb [anc13] M 900-950

J1c3g 73G 11719A 14766T, 16069T, 16126C, 16311C Tömöry 2007; Neparáczki 2016 (Revision)

Hungary Fadd-Jegeshegy 88.tomb [anc17] M 900-1100

H5 -73ApaLI, -7025AluI, -14766MseI, 16304C, reported as H Tömöry 2007

Hungary Izsak-Balazspuszta [anc1] M c. 950


16140C, 16182C, 16183C, 16189C, 16217C, 16274A, 9bp del Tömöry 2007

Hungary Szabadkigyos-Palliget [anc28] Rich grave goods M c. 950 N1c Tat C

Csányi 2008

Hungary Szabadkigyos-Palliget 7.tomb [anc4] Rich grave goods M c. 950

N1a1a1a1 10398G, 12705T, 16147A, 16172C, 16248T, 16320T, 16223T, 16355T, 16356C Tömöry 2007; Neparáczki 2016 (Revision)

Hungary Sarretudvar-Hizofold 118. tomb [anc12] F c. 950 T2f1a1 16126C, 16182C, 16183C, 16189C, 16294T, 16296T, 16298C, 9 bp del* Tömöry 2007; Neparáczki 2016 (Revision)

Hungary Mozs-Szarazdomb 2.tomb [anc18] F c. 950

T2b 16126C, 16148T, 16218T, 16294T, 16304C Tömöry 2007

Hungary Mozs-Szarazdomb 41.tomb [anc19]

Poor grave goods

M c. 950 H -273ApaLI, -7025AluI, 14766MseI, 16093C, 16366T Tömöry 2007

Hungary Mozs-Szarazdomb 60.tomb [anc20] F c. 950

M 10400T, 16223T, 16311C Tömöry 2007

Hungary Aldebro-Mocsaros 25. tomb [anc7] F 975-1000

U4 12308G, 16356C Tömöry 2007

Hungary Sarretudvar-Hizofold 5. tomb [anc10] M 975-1000

I5a1a 10238C, 12705T, 16129A, 16148T, 16223T, 16391A Tömöry 2007; Neparáczki 2016 (Revision)

Hungary Sarretudvar-Hizofold 9. tomb [anc11] M 975-1000 T2b 16126C, 16294T, 16304C Tömöry 2007
Hungary Fadd-Jegeshegy 62.tomb [anc14] F 975-1000 R +73ApaLI, -7025AluI, 11719A, 12308A, +14766MseI, CRS in HVI Tömöry 2007

Hungary Fadd-Jegeshegy 63.tomb [anc15] F 975-1025

V 72C, -73ApaLI, +4580NheI, +7025AluI, -14766MseI, 16153A, 16298C Tömöry 2007

Hungary Fadd-Jegeshegy 74.tomb [anc16] M 975-1025

T 10400C, +10871MnlI, 16051G, 16126C, 16147T, 16294T, 16296T Tömöry 2007

Hungary Ormenykut 3/c tomb [anc21]

Rich grave goods

M 975-1000 N1c Tat C H -73ApaLI, -7025AluI, -14766MseI, CRS in HVI Tömöry 2007; Csányi 2008
Hungary Ormenykut 8.tomb [anc22] M 975-1000

X +10871MnlI, 14470C, 6183C, 16189C, 16223T, 16278T Tömöry 2007

Hungary Ormenykut 12.tomb [anc23] F 975-1000 X +10871MnlI, 14470C, 6183C, 16189C, 16223T, 16278T Tömöry 2007

Hungary Fadd-Jegeshegy 78.tomb [anc27] M 975-1025

HV -73ApaLI, -7025AluI, -14766MseI, 16311C Tömöry 2007

Hungary Szegvar-Oromdulo 412. tomb [anc5] F 1000-1050 K1c1d 14766T, 16224C, 16311C, 73G, 7028T, Tömöry 2007; Neparáczki 2016 (Revision)
Hungary Lebeny-Kaszas 80.tomb [anc26] M 1000-1100 AD

H -73ApaLI, -7025AluI, -14766MseI, 16311C, 16362C Tömöry 2007

Hungary Magyarhomorog 120.tomb [anc2] M 1050 H84 CRS in HVI Tömöry 2007; Neparáczki 2016 (Revision)

Hungary Szegvar-Oromdulo 593. tomb [anc6] F 1050-1100

U5a2a1b 12308G, 16114A, 16192T, 16256T, 16270T, 16294T Tömöry 2007; Neparáczki 2016 (Revision)

Hungary Zalavar-Kapolna 270.tomb [anc24] M 1100

U3 12308G, 16311C, 16343G Tömöry 2007

Poland Lednica [Led./Dziek. 9/92]
1000-1400

H5 7028C, 16304C, reported as H Juras 2012

Poland Lednica [5] M 1000-1400

H 7028C, 16311C Juras 2012

Poland Lednica [skull 10]
1000-1400

T1a 16126C, 16163G, 16186T, 16189C, 16294T Juras 2012

Poland Lednica [8] M 1000-1400

J1b 10398G, 16069T, 16126C, 16145A, 16172C, 16222T, 16261T Juras 2012

Poland Lednica [1554 Led./Dziek.]
1000-1400

W 8251A, 16223T Juras 2012
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A211/K5] F 1000-1250

H 7028C Rudbeck 2005; Melchior 2008b
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A346/K6 ] M 1000-1250

H 7028C, 16221T Rudbeck 2005; Melchior 2008b
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A395/K8 ] F? 1000-1250

H 7028C, 16129A, 16316G, 16360T Rudbeck 2005; Melchior 2008b
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A367/K2 and A363/K7] F 1000-1250

I 2 samples 7028T, 16129A, 16223T, 16391A Rudbeck 2005; Melchior 2008b
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A368/K3] F 1000-1250

J 7028T, 16069T, 16126C Rudbeck 2005; Melchior 2008b
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A362/K4] F 1000-1250

T2b 7028T, 16126C, 16174T, 16266T, 16294T, 16304C, reported as T2 Rudbeck 2005; Melchior 2008b
Viking/Christian Denmark Kongemarken [A396/K1] M 1000-1250

U7 7028T, 12308G, 16189C, 16318T Rudbeck 2005; Melchior 2008b

Czech Republic Church of St.Margaret, Podlazice [HB02] M c. 1180 R1b* Ysearch U98VT; Rbv in STR table

Daniel Vanek, Forensic DNA Service
Poland Napole [grave 7] M 1100-1200 H 7028C, 16304C Płoszaj 2016
Poland Napole [grave 8] M 1100-1200 I 4529T, 7028T, 16129A 16223T 16304C 16391A Płoszaj 2016

Russia Vicinity Lake Beloe, Vologda Oblast
1100-1300

H? 43 samples CRS Kulikov 2004

Russia Vicinity Lake Beloe, Vologda Oblast
1100-1300

H17? 2 samples 16129A Kulikov 2004

Russia Vicinity Lake Beloe, Vologda Oblast
1100-1300

I? 2 samples 16129A, 16223T Kulikov 2004
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Madinat Bagut, now Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

H, HV, RO or R 11 samples CRS between 16065 and 16365 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

H, HV, RO or R 16184d Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16114 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

H, HV, U or R 2 samples -7025 AluI; 16126 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

H, HV, U or R 2 samples -7025 AluI; 16129 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16192 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16193 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16256 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16261 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

H, HV, U or R 2 samples -7025 AluI; 16304 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16311 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16067, 16129 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16093, 16126 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16189, 16362 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16278, 16311 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

H, HV, U or R -7025 AluI; 16174, 16189, 16190, 16192, 16294 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

V +7025 AluI/72, 16298 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

V +7025 AluI/72, 16192, 16298, Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

U5* +0477TspI, +12308 HinfI. 16270 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

U5* +0477TspI, +12308 HinfI. 16224, 16270, 16311 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

U5a1 16192, 16256, 16270, 16320 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

U5b 16159, 19192, 16270, 16311 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

K -9052 HaeII, 16224, 16311 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

T* 3 samples +4216 N1aIII, 16126, 16294 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

T* +4216 N1aIII, 16126, 16294, 16325 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

T2 +4216 N1aIII, 16126, 16189, 16294, 16296. Reported T*. Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

T1a 2 samples 16126, 16163, 16186, 16189, 16294. Reported T1. Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

J* 4 samples +4216 N1aIII, 16069, 16126 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

J* +4216 N1aIII, 16069, 16126, 16366 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

J* +4216 N1aIII, 16069, 16126, 16189 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

J* 4 samples +4216 N1aIII, 16069, 16126, 16227, 16278 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

J2a1a 16069, 16126, 16145, 16231, 16261. Reported J1a Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

N1b 16111, 16126, 16145, 16176G, 16223 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

R 2 samples 16233. Reported N, M or L3 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

R 16233, 16311. Reported as N, M or L3. Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

L3d -8616MboI, -10084TaqI, 16124, 16223 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

L1b -7055AluI, 16126, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16264, 16278, 16311 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

L1b -7055AluI, 16126, 16175, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16264, 16270, 16278, 16311 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

L1b 16126, 16175, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16264, 16270, 16278, 16293. Reported as L1b1. Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

L2 16223, 1678, 16311, 16355, 16368, 16390 Casas 2006
Islamic Al-Andalus Spain Priego de Cordoba
1100-1300

L2a1 16189, 16192, 16223, 16278, 16294, 16309, 16390. Reported as L2a1B3 Casas 2006
Byzantine Turkey Troy F 1154–1224 U3b3 Devault 2017
Slavic? Germany Usedom, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [U48a] M 1200 E1b1b M215 H CRS Freder 2010
Slavic? Germany Usedom [U54] M 1200 R1a1a1g M458, reported as R1a1a7 K 16224C, 16311C Freder 2010
Slavic? Germany Usedom [U110] F 1200

H 16311C Freder 2010
Slavic? Germany Usedom [U131] F 1200

K 16224C, 16311C Freder 2010
Cumanian Hungary Csengele
1200-1300

H, V, U, U3, JT and D
Bogácsi-Szabó 2005
Byzantine Turkey Baspinar [BM37]
1200-1300

H1e C27G, T42A, C122G, A123G, T155G, T158A,
T159G, C164G, C164G, C166A, C166A,
T168G, G171A, C174G, T177d, T180A,
A183G, T208A, T223A, T226C, T236A,
T252A, A257G, C261G, A263G, T265G,
C273A, A297C, A300C, C309CCCT, T310C,
A335G, A448C, T455TT, A470G, C527T,
A647G, G709A, A750G, T789G, A819C,
T825C, G834T, A846G, AT16007d, A16011T,
T16015G, T16027TA, T16028G, C16056G,
C16072G, T16094G, C16099G, C16107G,
T16131A, C16151G, T16154G, C16186A,
T16462G, C16549G, A16554G
Altınışık 2015

Denmark Riisby [R1]
1250-1450

T2 7028T, 15607G, 16126C, 16153A, 16294T Melchior 2010

Denmark Riisby [R2]
1250-1450

K 7028T, 12308G, 16093C, 16224C, 16311C, 16319A Melchior 2010

Denmark Riisby [R3 + R10]
1250-1450

J 2 samples: 7028T, 13708A, 16069T, 16126C Melchior 2010

Denmark Riisby [R5]
1250-1450

H5 7028C, 16261T, 16296T, 16304C, reported as H Melchior 2010

Denmark Riisby [R6]
1250-1450

N1a 7028T, 12705T, 16147A, 16172C, 16195C, 16223T, 16248T, 16320T, 16355T Melchior 2010

Denmark Riisby [R9]
1250-1450

H 7028C, rCRS Melchior 2010

Denmark Riisby [R11]
1250-1450

J 7028T, 13708A, 16069T, 16126C, 16256T Melchior 2010

Denmark Riisby [R12]
1250-1450

I 7028T, 10034C, 16129A, 16223T, 16391A Melchior 2010

Denmark Riisby [R13]
1250-1450

U5b 7028T, 12308G, 16189C, 16192T, 16270T, 16398A Melchior 2010
Non-Christian Czech Republic Hradek nad Nisou, Northern Bohemia M 1310-1350 E1b1b Predicted from 14 STRs H 6362C) Vanek 2015

England, UK St. Nicholas Shambles, London [SNS 5 (SN 5053)]
1347–1351

H
Schuenemann 2011

England, UK East Smithfield, London [ES 2 (ES 8291)]
1347–1351

H1
Schuenemann 2011

England, UK St. Nicholas Shambles, London [SNS 3 (SN 5194)]
1347–1351

H2a
Schuenemann 2011

England, UK East Smithfield, London [ES 4.1 (ES 11972)] F 1347–1351

H6a1a
Schuenemann 2011

England, UK East Smithfield, London [ES 1 (ES 6443)]
1347–1351

HV0b
Schuenemann 2011

England, UK St. Nicholas Shambles, London [SNS 2 (SN 5200)]
1347–1351

K1a1b1
Schuenemann 2011

England, UK St. Nicholas Shambles, London [SNS 4 (SN 5122)]
1347–1351

T2b
Schuenemann 2011

England, UK East Smithfield, London [ES 3 (ES 6330)]
1347–1351

T2g
Schuenemann 2011

England, UK East Smithfield, London [ES 5 (ES 8124)] F 1347–1351

U4c1a
Schuenemann 2011

Italy Francesco Petrarca M 1374 AD

J1d 16126, 16193, 16311 [Reported as J2] Caramelli 2007

Italy Grave of Francesco Petrarca F ?

H* Female skull. 16129 Caramelli 2007
Iran Ganj Dareh [I1955 / GD 1150] F 1430-1485 calCE (430±30 BP, Beta-432801) U1a1 Lazaridis 2016

Poland Nicolaus Copernicus

Blue/grey eyes

M d. 1543 R1b? Rbvi in STR table. H1 709G, 1719G, 1811A, 3010G, 6365T, 6776T, 7028C, 8251G, 8697G, 9055G,11251A, 12372G, 13708G, 14766C, 14798T, 15904C. Reported as H. Bogdanowicz 2009

Hungary Dobóruszka
1500-1600

U3 16343G Guba 2011

Hungary Vác Dominician Church, mummy 88
1800-1900

H? CRS, HVSI only tested, reported as H Guba 2011

Hungary Vác mummy 129
1800-1900

H12 16287T Guba 2011

Hungary Vác mummy 179
1800-1900

N9a 16223T, 16257A, 16261T, partial Guba 2011