Ancient DNA from North Africa and the Canary Islands

Table 2: Mitochondrial and Y-chromosome haplogroups extracted from historic and prehistoric human remains in North Africa and the Canary Islands, arranged chronologically.

Culture

Country

Site and/or Individual

Sex

Date

Y-DNA

mtDNA

Source

Mesolithic

Ibero-Maurusian / Mechtoid
Morocco Grotte des Pigeons, Taforalt [TafI-21, TafII, TafV5, TafV7, TafV20, TafXVa, TafXV0, TafXVII, TafXIX, TafXX-6] 23,000–10,800 cal BP H or U? 10 samples of CRS in HVI Kefi 2005 ; Kefi 2016
Ibero-Maurusian Morocco Taforalt [Taf55-I] 23,000–10,800 cal BP ? 16126C 16355T. Reported as R0a1a, but HVR I only Kefi 2005; 2016
Ibero-Maurusian Morocco Taforalt [Taf 55-IB] 23,000–10,800 cal BP ? 16239T. Reported as H1, but HVR I only and H1 dated later by Behar 2012 supp. Kefi 2005; 2016
Ibero-Maurusian Morocco Taforalt [Taf V18] 23,000–10,800 cal BP ? 16126C 16304C. Reported as R0a2c, but HVR I only Kefi 2005; 2016
Ibero-Maurusian Morocco Taforalt [TafVI9E] 23,000–10,800 cal BP ? 16172C 16174T. Reported as U6d3, but HVR I only Kefi 2005; 2016
Ibero-Maurusian Morocco Taforalt [TafV26] 23,000–10,800 cal BP ? 16204C 16226T. Reported as H2a2a1, but HVR I only and this haplogroup dated 3801 y. a. by Behar 2012 supp. Kefi 2005; 2016
Ibero-Maurusian Morocco Taforalt [TafV27] 23,000–10,800 cal BP ? 16298C. Reported as H6a1a8, but HVR I only and this haplogroup dated 2023 y. a. by Behar 2012 supp. Kefi 2005; 2016
Ibero-Maurusian Morocco Taforalt [TafVI-10] 23,000–10,800 cal BP ? 16124C 16239T. Reported as H2a1e1a, but HVR I only and this haplogroup dated 2574 y. a. by Behar 2012 supp. Kefi 2005; 2016
Ibero-Maurusian Morocco Taforalt [Taf VIII] 23,000–10,800 cal BP ? 16223T. Reported as U4a2b, but HVR I only. Kefi 2005; 2016
Ibero-Maurusian Morocco Taforalt [TafXIXa] 23,000–10,800 cal BP ? 16179T 16298C. Reported as U4c1, but HVR I only. Kefi 2005; 2016
Ibero-Maurusian
Morocco Taforalt [TafXVa2-19] 23,000–10,800 cal BP ? 16189C 16261T. but HVR I only and H1 dated later by Behar 2012 supp. Kefi 2005; 2016
Ibero-Maurusian Morocco Taforalt [TafXXIV] 23,000–10,800 cal BP ? 16126C 16172C 16174T. Reported as R0a1a, but HVR I only Kefi 2005; 2016
Ibero-Maurusian Morocco Taforalt [Taf XXV3] 23,000–10,800 cal BP ? 16126C. Reported as H14b1, but HVR I only and this haplogroup dated 1142 years ago by Behar 2012 supp. Kefi 2005; 2016
Ibero-Maurusian Algeria Afalou [AF2, AF13, AFXXV] 15,000 to 11,000 YBP H or U? 3 samples CRS in HVS-I Kefi 2016
Ibero-Maurusian Algeria Afalou [AF19] 15,000 to 11,000 YBP ? 16126C 16294T 16296T 16304C. Reported as T2b, but HVR I only Kefi 2016
Ibero-Maurusian Algeria Afalou [AF22B] 15,000 to 11,000 YBP ? 16126C. Reported as JT or H14b1, but HVR I only and latter haplogroup dated 1142 years ago by Behar 2012 supp. Kefi 2016
Ibero-Maurusian Algeria Afalou [AF3] 15,000 to 11,000 YBP ? 16069T 16126C 16128T. Reported as J, but HVR I only Kefi 2016
Ibero-Maurusian Algeria Afalou [AF7] 15,000 to 11,000 YBP ? 16063C 16069T 16126C. Reported as J1c3f, but HVR I only and this haplogroup dated 1866 y. a. by Behar 2012 supp. Kefi 2016

Ancient Egyptian

Royal Egypt Deir el Bahari [Rames III] 1155 BC E1b1a Hawass 2012
Royal Egypt Deir el Bahari [Unknown man E - Pentawere?] 1155 BC? E1b1a Hawass 2012
Tomb mummy Egypt [DMG5] 402-385 BC I2 73G, 152C, 199C, 204C, 207A, 250C, 263G, 750G, 1438G, 1719A, 2706G, 4529T, 4769G, 7028T, 8251A, 8860G, 10034C, 10238C, 10398G, 11719A, 12501G*, 12705T, 13780G, 14766T, 15043A, 15326G, 15758G, 15924G, 16129A, 16223T, 16391A, 16519C*

*= excluded by HaploGrep in analysis

Khairat 2013

Phoenician

Punic Tunisia Byrsa Hill, Carthage M late sixth century BCE U5b2c1 Matisoo-Smith 2016

Pre-Hispanic

Guanche Canary Islands 24 from Gran Canaria, 3 from Fuerteventura, 2 from Tenerife and 2 from Gomera. c. 1000 AD : Tenerife (2210 60 to 1720 60 BP), Gomera (1743 40 to 1493 40 BP), Hierro (1740 50 to 970 50 BP) and Gran Canaria (1410 60 to 750 60 BP) 8 samples E-M81, 7 samples E-M78, 5 samples J1* (M267), 3 samples K*(xP*) (M9), 3 samples R1b1b2* (M269), 2 samples I*-M170, 1 sample each of P*(xR1*) and E1a* (M33) Fregel 2009
Guanche Canary Islands Arenas, Tenerife L2 16223, 16278 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Arenas, Tenerife L2 16223, 16239, 16278, 16292 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Arenas, Tenerife L3e2 16175 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Antoncojo, C. de la Caleta and Los Polieros, La Gomera; Cueva Bermeja and CP, Tenerife; Guayadeque, Gran Canaria; La Lajura, El Hierro H/HV/U*/R 10 samples CRS Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Antoncojo and Tejeleche La Gomera; Guayadeque, Gran Canaria H/HV/U*/R 3 samples 16189 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Antoncojo and Tejeleche, La Gomera; Cueva Bermeja, Tenerife H/HV/U*/R 3 samples 16311 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Antoncojo, La Gomera U* 16189; 12308 HinfI (+) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Antoncojo and Los Polieros, La Gomera; CP, Tenerife V* 3 samples of 16298; 7025AluI(+) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife H/HV/U*/R 2 samples 16260 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife H 2 samples CRS; 7025AluI(-) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife H 16278; 7025AluI(-) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife H 2 samples 16311; 7025AluI(-) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife HV/R 16189, 16316; 7025AluI(+); 12308 HinfI (-); 4216 NlaIII (-) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife U* CRS; 12308 HinfI (+) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP and MA, Tenerife J* 3 samples 16069, 16126; 4216 NlaIII (+) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP and MA, Tenerife T3 3 samples 16126, 16292, 16294; 4216NlaIII (+) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife T3 3 samples 16126, 16224, 16292, 16294; 4216NlaIII (+) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife U6a1 16172, 16189, 16219, 16278; 12308 HinfI (+) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife; La Rajita and Tejeleche, La Gomera U6a1 3 samples of 16163, 16172, 16219, 16311; 12308 HinfI (+) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife K 16189, 16224, 16311 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife L3d 16124 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Guayadeque, Gran Canaria H/HV/U*/R 16145, 1621 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Guayadeque, Gran Canaria; Tejeleche, La Gomera K 4 samples 16224, 16311 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Guayadeque, Gran Canaria L3* 16187, 16223 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Guayadeque, Gran Canaria L3* 16145, 16196, 16223 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands La Lajura, El Hierro H/HV/U*/R 16292 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands La Lajura, El Hierro H/HV/U*/R 16093, 16192 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands La Lajura, El Hierro H 16311; 7025AluI(-) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands La Lajura, El Hierro and MA, Tenerife HV/R 2 samples CRS; 7025AluI(+); 12308 HinfI (-); 4216 NlaIII (-) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands MA, Tenerife H/HV/U*/R 16291 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands MA, Tenerife H/HV/U*/R 16292 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands La Rajita, La Gomera HV/R 16311; 7025AluI(+); 12308 HinfI (-); 4216 NlaIII (-) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Los Polieros, La Gomera L3* 16189, 16223 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Tazo, La Gomera L3* 16223 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Tejeleche, La Gomera H/HV/U*/R 16172 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Tejeleche, La Gomera H 16067; 7025AluI(-) Maca-Meyer 2004