Ancient DNA from North Africa and the Canary Islands

Table 2: Mitochondrial and Y-chromosome haplogroups extracted from historic and prehistoric human remains in North Africa and the Canary Islands, arranged chronologically.

Culture

Country

Site and/or Individual

Sex

Date

Y-DNA

mtDNA

Source

Mesolithic

Ibero-Maurusian / Mechtoid
Morocco Grotte des Pigeons, Taforalt 23,000–10,800 cal BP ? 22 samples based on HVI region of mtDNA only. Unreliable. Reported as various unlikely haplogroups, as they have calculated dates much later. Kefi 2005 ; Kefi 2016
Ibero-Maurusian Algeria Afalou 15,000 to 11,000 YBP ? 7 samples mtDNA. Unreliable. Reported as various unlikely haplogroups, as they have calculated dates much later. Kefi 2016

Neolithic

Early Neolithic Morocco Ifri n'Amr or Moussa [IAM.3] 5000 BC M1b1? 73G 94A 152C 195C 263G 569T 750G 813G 1438G 2706G 3107N 3514T 3559T 4769G 4853C 4936T 5385T 6446A 6680C 7028T 8027A 8701G 8860G 10223T 11719A 12705T 13111C 14569T 14766T 15301A 15326G 16129A 16223T 16311C 16519C Fregal 2017
Early Neolithic Morocco Ifri n'Amr or Moussa [IAM.4] M 5300 cal BC E-M35 U6a1b 73G 263G 750G 1438G 2706G 2887C 3107N 3348G 4769G 7028T 7805A 8670G 8860G 9165C 11467G 11719A 12308G 12372A 14179G 14766T 14927G 15326G 16172C 16219G 16235G 16274A 16278T 16311C 16362C Fregal 2017
Early Neolithic Morocco Ifri n'Amr or Moussa [IAM.6] 5300 BC U6a7 73G 263G 750G 955.1C 1438G 2706G 2885C 3107N 3348G 4769G 6986C 7028T 7805A 8860G 8939C 9947A 11467G 11719A 12308G 12372A 14179G 14766T 15043A 15326G 15914G 16145A 16172C 16219G 16278T Fregal 2017
Early Neolithic Morocco Ifri n'Amr or Moussa [IAM.5] M 5000 cal BC E-M35 U6a1b 73G 263G 750G 1438G 2706G 2887C 3107N 3348G 4769G 7028T 7805A 8670G 8860G 9165C 11467G 11719A 12308G 12372A 14179G 14766T 14927G 15326G 16172C 16219G 16235G 16274A 16278T 16311C 16362C Fregal 2017
Early Neolithic Morocco Ifri n'Amr or Moussa [IAM.7] 4900 BCE U6a3 73G 263G 750G 1438G 2706G 3107N 3348G 4769G 7028T 7805A 8860G 11467G 11719A 11887A 12308G 12372A 14179G 14766T 14891T 15326G 15790T 16172C 16183C 16189C 16219G 16278T 16304C Fregal 2017
Late Neolithic Morocco Kehf el Baroud [KEB.1] 3,210 110 BCE X2b+226 73G 153G 195C 225A 226C 263G 750G 1438G 1719A 2706G 3107N 4769G 6221C 6371T 7028T 8393T 8860G 11719A 12705T 13708A 13966G 14470C 14766T 15326G 15927A 16183C 16189C 16223T 16274A 16278T 16519C Fregal 2017
Late Neolithic Morocco Kehf el Baroud [KEB.3] 3,210 110 BCE K1a1b1 73G 114T 152C 263G 497T 750G 1189C 1438G 1811G 2706G 3107N 3480G 4769G 7028T 8860G 9055A 9698C 10398G 10550G 11299C 11467G 11470G 11719A 11914A 12308G 12372A 14167T 14766T 14798C 15326G 15924G 16093C 16224C 16311C 16519C Fregal 2017
Late Neolithic Morocco Kehf el Baroud [KEB.4] 3,210 110 BCE K1a1b1 73G 114T 152C 263G 497T 750G 1189C 1438G 1811G 2706G 3107N 3107G 3480G 4769G 7028T 8860G 9055A 9698C 10398G 10550G 11299C 11467G 11470G 11719A 11914A 12308G 12372A 14167T 14766T 14798C 15326G 15924G 16093C 16224C 16311C 16519C Fregal 2017
Late Neolithic Morocco Kehf el Baroud [KEB.6] M 3,210 110 BCE T-M184 K1a4a1 73G 263G 497T 750G 1189C 1438G 1811G 2706G 3107N 3480G 4769G 6260A 7028T 8860G 9055A 9698C 10398G 10550G 11299C 11467G 11485C 11719A 11840T 12308G 12372A 13740C 14167T 14766T 14798C 15326G 16224C 16256T 16311C 16519C Fregal 2017
Late Neolithic Morocco Kehf el Baroud [KEB.7] M 3,210 110 BCE T2b3+151 73G 151T 263G 709A 750G 930A 1438G 1888A 2706G 3107N 4216C 4769G 4917G 5147A 7028T 8697A 8860G 10463C 10750G 11251G 11719A 11812G 13368A 14233G 14766T 14905A 15326G 15452A 15607G 15928A 16126C 16294T 16296T 16304C 16519C Fregal 2017
Late Neolithic Morocco Kehf el Baroud [KEB.8] 3,210 110 BCE X2b+226 73G 153G 195C 225A 226C 263G 750G 1438G 1719A 2706G 3107N 4769G 6221C 6371T 7028T 8393T 8860G 11719A 12705T 13708A 13966G 14470C 14766T 15326G 15927A 16183C 16189C 16223T 16274A 16278T 16519C Fregal 2017

Ancient Egyptian

Royal Egypt Deir el Bahari [Rames III] 1155 BC E1b1a Hawass 2012
Royal Egypt Deir el Bahari [Unknown man E - Pentawere?] 1155 BC? E1b1a Hawass 2012
Tomb mummy Egypt Abusir el-Meleq [JK2134] 776-569 cal BC J J1d Schuenemann 2017
Tomb mummy Egypt Abusir el-Meleq [JK2911] 769-560 cal BC J M1a1 Schuenemann 2017
Tomb mummy Egypt [DMG5] 402-385 BC I2 73G, 152C, 199C, 204C, 207A, 250C, 263G, 750G, 1438G, 1719A, 2706G, 4529T, 4769G, 7028T, 8251A, 8860G, 10034C, 10238C, 10398G, 11719A, 12501G*, 12705T, 13780G, 14766T, 15043A, 15326G, 15758G, 15924G, 16129A, 16223T, 16391A, 16519C*

*= excluded by HaploGrep in analysis

Khairat 2013
Tomb mummy Egypt Abusir el-Meleq [JK2888] 97-2 cal BC E1b1b1a1b2 [V22] U6a2 Schuenemann 2017

Phoenician

Punic Tunisia Byrsa Hill, Carthage M late sixth century BCE U5b2c1 Matisoo-Smith 2016

Pre-Hispanic

Guanche Canary Islands Tenerife [gun012] M 621 39 AD E1b1b1b1a1 [M183] U6b1a Rodrıguez-Varela 2017
Guanche Canary Islands Tenerife [gun011] M 791 96 AD E1b1b1b1a1 [M183] T2c1d2 Rodrıguez-Varela 2017
Guanche Canary Islands Gran Canaria [gun008] F 935 56 AD L3b1a Rodrıguez-Varela 2017
Guanche Canary Islands Gran Canaria [gun005] F 956 61 AD H2a Rodrıguez-Varela 2017
Guanche Canary Islands Tenerife [gun002] M 1089 65 AD E1b1b1b1a1 [M183] H1cf Rodrıguez-Varela 2017
Guanche Canary Islands Tenerife [gun001] M U6b1a Rodrıguez-Varela 2017
Guanche Canary Islands Tenerife [gun004] J1c3 Rodrıguez-Varela 2017
Guanche Canary Islands Gran Canaria [gun006] M L3b1a Rodrıguez-Varela 2017
Guanche Canary Islands Gran Canaria [gun007] M L3b1a Rodrıguez-Varela 2017
Guanche Canary Islands Tenerife [gun013] U6b1a Rodrıguez-Varela 2017
Guanche Canary Islands Tenerife [gun014] M U6b Rodrıguez-Varela 2017
Guanche Canary Islands 24 from Gran Canaria, 3 from Fuerteventura, 2 from Tenerife and 2 from Gomera. c. 1000 AD : Tenerife (2210 60 to 1720 60 BP), Gomera (1743 40 to 1493 40 BP), Hierro (1740 50 to 970 50 BP) and Gran Canaria (1410 60 to 750 60 BP) 8 samples E-M81, 7 samples E-M78, 5 samples J1* (M267), 3 samples K*(xP*) (M9), 3 samples R1b1b2* (M269), 2 samples I*-M170, 1 sample each of P*(xR1*) and E1a* (M33) Fregel 2009
Guanche Canary Islands Arenas, Tenerife L2 16223, 16278 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Arenas, Tenerife L2 16223, 16239, 16278, 16292 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Arenas, Tenerife L3e2 16175 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Antoncojo, C. de la Caleta and Los Polieros, La Gomera; Cueva Bermeja and CP, Tenerife; Guayadeque, Gran Canaria; La Lajura, El Hierro H/HV/U*/R 10 samples CRS Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Antoncojo and Tejeleche La Gomera; Guayadeque, Gran Canaria H/HV/U*/R 3 samples 16189 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Antoncojo and Tejeleche, La Gomera; Cueva Bermeja, Tenerife H/HV/U*/R 3 samples 16311 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Antoncojo, La Gomera U* 16189; 12308 HinfI (+) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Antoncojo and Los Polieros, La Gomera; CP, Tenerife V* 3 samples of 16298; 7025AluI(+) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife H/HV/U*/R 2 samples 16260 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife H 2 samples CRS; 7025AluI(-) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife H 16278; 7025AluI(-) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife H 2 samples 16311; 7025AluI(-) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife HV/R 16189, 16316; 7025AluI(+); 12308 HinfI (-); 4216 NlaIII (-) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife U* CRS; 12308 HinfI (+) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP and MA, Tenerife J* 3 samples 16069, 16126; 4216 NlaIII (+) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP and MA, Tenerife T3 3 samples 16126, 16292, 16294; 4216NlaIII (+) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife T3 3 samples 16126, 16224, 16292, 16294; 4216NlaIII (+) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife U6a1 16172, 16189, 16219, 16278; 12308 HinfI (+) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife; La Rajita and Tejeleche, La Gomera U6a1 3 samples of 16163, 16172, 16219, 16311; 12308 HinfI (+) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife K 16189, 16224, 16311 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands CP, Tenerife L3d 16124 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Guayadeque, Gran Canaria H/HV/U*/R 16145, 1621 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Guayadeque, Gran Canaria; Tejeleche, La Gomera K 4 samples 16224, 16311 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Guayadeque, Gran Canaria L3* 16187, 16223 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Guayadeque, Gran Canaria L3* 16145, 16196, 16223 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands La Lajura, El Hierro H/HV/U*/R 16292 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands La Lajura, El Hierro H/HV/U*/R 16093, 16192 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands La Lajura, El Hierro H 16311; 7025AluI(-) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands La Lajura, El Hierro and MA, Tenerife HV/R 2 samples CRS; 7025AluI(+); 12308 HinfI (-); 4216 NlaIII (-) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands MA, Tenerife H/HV/U*/R 16291 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands MA, Tenerife H/HV/U*/R 16292 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands La Rajita, La Gomera HV/R 16311; 7025AluI(+); 12308 HinfI (-); 4216 NlaIII (-) Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Los Polieros, La Gomera L3* 16189, 16223 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Tazo, La Gomera L3* 16223 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Tejeleche, La Gomera H/HV/U*/R 16172 Maca-Meyer 2004
Guanche Canary Islands Tejeleche, La Gomera H 16067; 7025AluI(-) Maca-Meyer 2004