Ancient Roman DNA

Mitochondrial and Y-chromosome haplogroups extracted from historic human remains within the former territory of the Roman Empire during the Roman period. For aDNA issues see Introduction to ancient DNA

Culture

Country

Site and/or Individual

Sex

Date

Y-DNA

mtDNA

Source

usually approximate Haplogroup Additional information Haplogroup Additional information
Roman Spain Mas d’Arago, Cervera del Maestre (Castellon) [1MAR2] H CRS Gamba 2008
Roman England, UK Harper Road, Southwark, London [HR79 SK311] F 50-70 AD H2a2a1 Eaton 2015
Roman Italy House of Caius Iulius Polybius, Pompeii [1B] 79 AD HV0 rCRS + 16292 and 16298 Di Bernado 2009
Roman Italy House of Caius Iulius Polybius, Pompeii [1A] 79 AD H ? rCRS + 16399 Di Bernado 2009
Roman Italy House of Caius Iulius Polybius, Pompeii [5,6B] 79 AD H rCRS in HVS1 and 73 Di Bernado 2009
Roman Italy House of Caius Iulius Polybius, Pompeii [3A, 3B, 2A, 2B, 2C, 3D] 79 AD T2b? Presumed family group 16294, 16304 Di Bernado 2009
Roman England, UK Driffield Terrace, York [3DRIF-16] M 100-400 AD R1b1a2a1a1 M405/U106/S21+ Added info Z381/S263+ , Z305/S376+, S1785+] H6a1a Martiniano 2016; additional SNPs from Alex Williamson
Roman England, UK Driffield Terrace, York [3DRIF-26] M 100-400 AD J2 L228+ H5 Martiniano 2016
Roman England, UK Driffield Terrace, York [6DRIF-18] M 100-400 AD R1b1a2a1a [R1b1a2a1a2c] L52/L11+ [Additional info L21+]

H1bs Martiniano 2016; additional SNPs from Alex Williamson
Roman England, UK Driffield Terrace, York [6DRIF-21] M 100-400 AD R1b1a2a1a2c2 DF63+ J1c3e2 Martiniano 2016
Roman England, UK Driffield Terrace, York [6DRIF-22] M 100-400 AD R1b1a2a1a2b PF6570/S28/U152+, [Added info L2+, FGC22501+, 8093829(A/G)+, 7866684(A/G)+, 2889012(G/C)+, 8141406(A/G)+, 17331282(A/G)+, 19481839(C/T)+, 23354888(C/A)+] H2 + 195 Martiniano 2016; added info from Richard Rocca
Roman England, UK Driffield Terrace, York [6DRIF-23] M 100-400 AD R1b1a2a1a [R1b1a2a1a2e] L52+ [Additional info P312+, Z4161+ (DF19 equivalent)] H6a1b2 Martiniano 2016; additional SNPs from Alex Williamson
Roman England, UK Driffield Terrace, York [6DRIF-3] M 100-400 AD R1b1a2a1a1 M405/U106/S21+ [Added info Z381/S263+ , Z305/S376+, DF98+ , S18823-, CTS7658-] J1b1a1 Martiniano 2016; additional SNPs from Alex Williamson
Roman England, UK London Wall [LOW88 SK695.5] M 125-200 AD J1b1a1 Eaton 2015
Roman Syria Italy/Syria Luke the Evangelist
Born Antioch; buried Padua
c. 150 AD J1b3a? 16235, 16291T, +7025 AluI. No haplogroup reported. Bandelt queries whether sequence is authentic. Vernesi 2001; Bandelt 2005
Roman England, UK 65-73 Mansell Street, London [MNL88 SK37] M 180-400 AD V16 Eaton 2015
Roman Syria Tell Masaikh [MK 13G 117] F 200–300 AD M49 16223T, 16234T, 16311C Witas 2013
Roman England, UK Lant Street, Southwark, London [LTU03 SK385] F 300-400 AD HV6 Eaton 2015
Romano-British England, UK Leicester [R13] 300-400 AD H1a 16162 Töpf 2006, 2007
Romano-British England, UK Leicester [R2] 300-400 AD T2b? 16294, 16304, 16320 Töpf 2006, 2007
Romano-British England, UK Leicester [R9] 300-400 AD HV0 16298 Töpf 2006, 2007
Romano-British England, UK Leicester [R7] 300-400 AD U5b 16189, 16270 Töpf 2006, 2007
Romano-British England, UK Leicester [R8] 300-400 AD T2b 16126, 16294, 16304 Töpf 2006, 2007
Romano-British England, UK Leicester [R3]
300-400 AD


X2f 16189, 16223, 16278 Töpf 2006, 2007
Late Roman Germany Erding, Bavaria [EKF 1662] 350-450 AD T2b 16126C, 16294T, 16296T, 16304C Sofeso 2012
Late Roman Germany Erding, Bavaria [EKF 1663, 1664] 350-450 AD T1a 2 samples 7028T, 16126C, 16163G, 16186T, 16189C, 16294T Sofeso 2012
Late Roman Germany Erding, Bavaria [EKF 1665, 1719] 350-450 AD H 2 samples rCRS Sofeso 2012
Late Roman Germany Erding, Bavaria [EKF 1699] 350-450 AD HV0 7028T, 16298C Sofeso 2012
Late Roman Germany Erding, Bavaria [EKF 1700] 350-450 AD K? 7028T, 16183C, 16189C, 16362C (incomplete HVRI) Sofeso 2012
Late Roman Germany Erding, Bavaria [EKF 1703] 350-450 AD U5a 7028T, 16192T, 16256T, 16270T Sofeso 2012
Late Roman Germany Erding, Bavaria [EKF 1717] 350-450 AD H? 16124C, 16224C, 16311C (incomplete HVRI) Sofeso 2012
Late Roman Germany Erding, Bavaria [EKF 1720] 350-450 AD H11 16092C; 16140C; 16265G; 16265G, 16293G, 16311T Sofeso 2012
Late Roman Syria Tell Masaikh [MK 11G 107] M 500–700 AD M4b1 73G, 489C, 511T, 10398G, 10400T, 16223T, 16289G, 16266T Witas 2013