DNA from the Near Eastern Neolithic

Mitochondrial and Y-chromosome haplogroups of the first farmers in Western Asia. For haplogroup nomenclature and aDNA issues see Introduction to ancient DNA

Culture

Country

Site and/or Individual

Sex

Date

Genome

Y-DNA

mtDNA

Source



usually approximate number of SNPs Haplogroup Additional information Haplogroup Additional information
PPN Turkey Boncuklu [Bon004] M 8300 cal BC N1a1a1 KılınÁ 2016
PPN Turkey Boncuklu [Bon005] F 8300-8240 cal BC N1a1a1 KılınÁ 2016
PPNB Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1414 / AG 84/1]

M 8300-7900 BCE 28156 E (xE2, E1a, E1b1a1a1c2c3b1, E1b1b1b1a1, E1b1b1b2b) P167+ (DE), CTS2893+ (E), (Z15455-, Z912-, CTS3507-, CTS11248- , Z16129-, Z16130-, CTS10196-, M293-, CTS11446- CTS11447-) Lazaridis 2016
PPNB Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1416 / AG 84/3]

M 8300-7900 BCE 11289 CT CTS7933, M5786 Lazaridis 2016
PPNB Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1700 / AG 88_1]

M 8300-7900 BCE 22703 CT M5603, M5624, CTS3460, M5822 None given Lazaridis 2016
PPNB Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1727 / AG 83_30]

M 8300-7900 BCE 47767 CT (xE, G, J, LT, R, Q1a, Q1b) M5723+, CTS7922+, M5769+, M5822+, M5823+ None given Lazaridis 2016
PPN Turkey Boncuklu [Bon002] F 8279-7977 cal BC K1a KılınÁ 2016
PPN Turkey Boncuklu [Bon001] M 8212-7952 cal BC U3 KılınÁ 2016
PPN Iran Tepe Abdul Hosein [AH2] M 8205-7756 calBCE J2b-M12* M12 (xCTS560, Z620). R2 Broushaki 2016; Y-DNA attribution from Chris Rоttensteiner
PPN Iran Tepe Abdul Hosein [AH1] F R2 Broushaki 2016
PPN Iran Tepe Abdul Hosein [AH4] F 8204-7755 calBCE T2c Broushaki 2016
PPNB Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1415 / AG 84/2]

M 8197-7653 calBCE

19435 E1b1b1 CTS2216+ Lazaridis 2016
Iran Ganj Dareh [I1290 / GD 13A] F 8179-7613 calBCE (8780Ī50 BP) 870535 X2 Gallego-Llorente 2016; Lazaridis 2016
Iran Ganj Dareh [I1945 / GD 16] M 8000-7700 BCE 126090 P1 (xQ, R1b1a2, R1a1a1b1a1b, R1a1a1b1a3a, R1a1a1b2a2a) P282+ (F1237.1-, FGC4603-, CTS12478-, CTS11962-, L448-, Z2123-) J1c10 Lazaridis 2016
Iran Ganj Dareh [I1949 / GD 37] M 8000-7700 BCE 52242 CT M5593, PF228, M5624, PF342, Z17710, CTS2842, CTS5532, M5730, M5751, M5765, CTS11358. None given Lazaridis 2016
PPNB Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1710 / AG 83_6]

M 7733-7526 calBCE (8580Ī60 BP) 129614 E1b1b1 (xE1b1b1b1a1, E1b1b1a1b1, E1b1b1a1b2, E1b1b1b2a1c) M5041+ (CTS5819-, L618-, CTS5479-, V23-) T1a2 Lazaridis 2016
PPNB Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1707 / AG 83_5]

M 7722-7541 calBCE (8590Ī50 BP) 152234 T (xT1a1, T1a2a) PF7466+, CTS7263+, CTS10416+ (FGC3945.2- P322-) R0a Lazaridis 2016
Iran Wezmeh Cave [WC1] M 7,455-7,082 calBCE G2b L156+, P287+, L142.2+ (G2), Z8018+, M3145+, Z8019+, M3200+, Z8021+, Z8015+, Z8017+, M3115+, PF5721+ J1d6 Broushaki 2016
PPNB Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1704 / AG 89_1]

F 7446-7058 calBCE (8190Ī60 BP) 172819 T1a Lazaridis 2016
PPNB Israel Motza [I0867 / Motz 1] M 7300-6750 BCE 772778 H2 M2713+, M2896+, M2936+, M2942+, M2992+, M3070+ (H), P96+ (H2). It was not derived for any downstream mutations K1a4b Lazaridis 2016
PPNB Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1679 / AG 037C]

F 6900-6800 BCE

47421 None given Lazaridis 2016
PPNC Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1699 / AG 84_5]

F 6800-6700 BCE

303496 R0a2 Lazaridis 2016
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H3]
6800-6000 BC

R0 7028T, 10550G, 10873T, 12308A, 12705C, 14766T, 16293Cb FernŠndez 2008; corrected by FernŠndez 2014
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H4]
6800-6000 BC

K 7028T, 10550G, 12308G, 16311C FernŠndez 2008; corrected by FernŠndez 2014
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H7]
6800-6000 BC

K 7028T, 10550G, 12308G, 16311C FernŠndez 2008; corrected by FernŠndez 2014
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H8]
6800-6000 BC

L3 7028T, 10550A, 10398A, 10400C, 10873C, 12308A, 16223T FernŠndez 2014
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H25]
6800-6000 BC

K 10550G, 12308G, 16224C, 16311C FernŠndez 2014
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H28]
6800-6000 BC

U* 10550A, 12308G, 16311C FernŠndez 2014
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H49]
6800-6000 BC

H 7028C, 16256T FernŠndez 2008; corrected by FernŠndez 2014
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H53]
6800-6000 BC

HV CRS in 16,126–16,256; 7028T, 12308A FernŠndez 2008; corrected by FernŠndez 2014
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H68]
6800-6000 BC
H 7028C, 16294T FernŠndez 2008; corrected by FernŠndez 2014
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H70]
6800-6000 BC

N* 4646T, 7028T, 10550A, 10873T, 12308A, 12705T, 14766T, 16356C FernŠndez 2014
PN Turkey Tepecik-«iftlik [Tep001] M 6750-6635 cal BC

K1a KılınÁ 2016
PN Turkey Tepecik-«iftlik [Tep002] F 6680-6590 cal BC

K1a12a KılınÁ 2016
PN Turkey Tepecik-«iftlik [Tep003] M 6635-6475 cal BC

N1b1a KılınÁ 2016
PN Turkey Tepecik-«iftlik [Tep004] F 6430-6260 cal BC

N1a1a1 KılınÁ 2016
PN Turkey Tepecik-«iftlik [Tep006] M 6345-6215 cal BC

N1a1a1 KılınÁ 2016
Turkey Barcın [I0707 / BAR2 / L11-213] F 6500-6200 BC 1026916

K1a4 Mathieson 2015; Lazaridis 2016
Turkey Barcın [I0708 / BAR6 / L11-439] M 6500-6200 BC 1007876 J2a M410, L559, L212; J2a-M410 > PF4610 > Z6049 > Z6048(xS20392) N1b1a Mathieson 2015; Lazaridis 2016; Additional info on Y-DNA SNPs from Chris Rоttеnѕtеіnеr
Turkey Barcın [I0709 / BAR20 / M13-170] M 6500-6200 BC 1015958 H2 L281, P96, L284, L285, L286 U3 Mathieson 2015; Lazaridis 2016
Turkey Barcın [I0736 / L11-216] F 6500-6200 BC 825825 N1a1a1a Mathieson 2015; Lazaridis 2016
Turkey Barcın [I0744 / M10-275] M 6500-6200 BC 907009 G2a2b2a Z3077, CTS688, PF3329, CTS4454, CTS10366, P303, Z3243, PF3342, Z3481, PF3343 J1c11 Mathieson 2015; Lazaridis 2016
Turkey Barcın [I0745 / M11-363] M 6500-6200 BC 1025390 H2 L281, P96, L284, L285, L286 U8b1b1 Mathieson 2015; Lazaridis 2016
Turkey Barcın [I0746 / L11-322] M 6500-6200 BC 1033308 G2a2b2a1c CTS342 K1a or K1a1 Mathieson 2015; Lazaridis 2016
Turkey Barcın [I1096 BAR26 / M10-76] M 6500-6200 BC 780073 I2c L596, L597 N1a1a1 Mathieson 2015; Lazaridis 2016
Turkey Barcın [I1097 / BAR271 / M10-271] M 6500-6200 BC G2a2b2a Z3077, CTS946, PF3329, CTS4454, CTS10366, Z3243, PF3342, Z3481 W1-T119C Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1098 / BAR99 / M10-352] F 6500-6200 BC X2d2 Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1099 / L11-S-488] M 6500-6200 BC G2a2a1b L91 T2b Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1100 / M11-351] F 6500-6200 BC K1a or K1a6

Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1101 / M11-352a] M 6500-6200 BC T2b Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1102 / M11-354] M 6500-6200 BC C1a2 V20 K1a3a Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1103/ M11-S-350] M 6500-6200 BC G2a2a1b1 PF3247 K1b1b1 Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1579 / M13-72] F 6500-6200 BC K1a-C150T Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1580 / L12-393] F 6500-6200 BC H5 Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1581 / L12-502] F 6500-6200 BC U3 Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1583 / L14-200] M 6500-6200 BC G2a2a1b L91 K1a2 Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1585 / M11-59] F 6500-6200 BC J1 or J1c Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I0854 / L11-215] F 6500-6200 BC N1a1a1a Mathieson 2015
Fikirtepe Turkey Menteşe [I0723 / T1, M229 / UH] M 6400-500 BC G2a2a PF3165, PF3166, PF3175, PF3184 X2m2 Mathieson 2015
Fikirtepe Turkey Menteşe [I0724/T2 / UP] M 6400-500 BC I CTS6231 K1a4 Mathieson 2015
Fikirtepe Turkey Menteşe [I0726 / M15, M15.2, M15.2 / UF] F 6400-500 BC 236,641 H or H5-C16192T Mathieson 2015; Lazaridis 2016
Fikirtepe Turkey Menteşe [I072 7/ M24 / UA JK 16] M 6400-500 BC G CTS11294 K1a2 Mathieson 2015
Fikirtepe Turkey Menteşe [I0725 / T4 / SSK15] F 6400-500 BC N1a1a1a Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [Bar31] M 6419–6238 BC G2a2b X2m HofmanovŠ 2015
Turkey Barcın [Bar8] F 6212–6030 BC K1a2 HofmanovŠ 2015
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Ramad [R64-4II] 6000-5750 BC R0 7028T, 10550A, 10873T, 12308A, 12705C, 16293C FernŠndez 2014
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Ramad [T65-14] 6000-5750 BC
K 10550G, 12308G, 16224C, 16311C, 16366T FernŠndez 2005; FernŠndez 2014
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Ramad [R65-C8-SEB]
6000-5750 BC

K

12308G, 16224C, 16311C, 16366T

FernŠndez 2005; FernŠndez 2014
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Ramad [R65-1S]
6000-5750 BC

K 10550G, 16224C, 16311C, 16366T FernŠndez 2005; FernŠndez 2014
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Ramad [R69(2)]
6000-5750 BC
R0 7028T, 10873T, 12308A, 12705C, 16293C FernŠndez 2014
Halaf Turkey Tell Kurdu, Amuq C phase [12:14 and 12:18] M 6000-5800 BC

H3a? 2 samples 16104T, 16187T, 16216G, 16239G, 16319C ÷zbal 2010 citing 2004
Halaf Turkey Tell Kurdu, Amuq C phase [25:8] F 6000-5800 BC

? 16094G, 16163G, 16187T ÷zbal 2010
Halaf Turkey Tell Kurdu, Amuq C phase [25:80] M 6000-5800 BC

? 16104T, 16187T, 16216G, 16219G, 16312C ÷zbal 2010

Turkey Tell Kurdu, Amuq C/D/E [26:2] M 6000-4000 BC
? 16094G, 16163G, 16187T ÷zbal 2010

Turkey Tell Kurdu, Amuq C/D/E [12:13 and 26:12] M + F 6000-4000 BC

H3a? 2 samples 16104T, 16187T, 16216G, 16239G, 16319C ÷zbal 2010

Turkey Tell Kurdu, Amuq C/D/E [24:27]
6000-4000 BC

? 16104T, 16187T, 16216G, 16219G, 16312C ÷zbal 2010
Iran Seh Gabi [I1671 / SG2] M 5837-5659 calBCE (6850Ī50 BP) 532043 G2a1 (xG2a1a) FGC666+, FGC587+, FGC7537+, FGC592+, FGC7533+, FGC593+, FGC594, FGC7536+, FGC600+, FGC602+, FGC606+, FGC607+, FGC610+, FGC617+, FGC618+, FGC7543+, FGC7547+, FGC631+, FGC7546+, FGC635+, FGC637+, FGC639+, FGC641+ ( FGC703-, FGC741-, FGC762-). K1a12a Lazaridis 2016
Turkey Kumtepe [Kum6] 6,700 BP H2a 73A, 146T, 195T, 247G, 769G, 825T, 1018G, 2706A, 2758G, 2885T, 3594C, 4104A, 4312C, 4769A, 7146A, 7256C, 8468C, 8655C, 8701A, 9540T, 10398A, 10664C, 10688G, 10873T, 10915T, 11719G, 11914G, 12705C, 13105A, 13276A, 13506C, 13650C, 14766C, 16187C, 16189T, 16223C, 16230A, 16278C, 16311T Omrak 2016