DNA from the Near Eastern Neolithic

Mitochondrial and Y-chromosome haplogroups of the first farmers in Western Asia. For haplogroup nomenclature and aDNA issues see Introduction to ancient DNA

Culture

Country

Site and/or Individual

Sex

Date

Y-DNA

mtDNA

Source



usually approximate Haplogroup Additional information Haplogroup Additional information
PPNB Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1414 / AG 84/1]

M 8300-7900 BCE E (xE2, E1a, E1b1a1a1c2c3b1, E1b1b1b1a1, E1b1b1b2b) P167+ (DE), CTS2893+ (E), (Z15455-, Z912-, CTS3507-, CTS11248- , Z16129-, Z16130-, CTS10196-, M293-, CTS11446- CTS11447-) Lazaridis 2016
PPNB Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1416 / AG 84/3]

M 8300-7900 BCE CT CTS7933, M5786 Lazaridis 2016
PPNB Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1700 / AG 88_1]

M 8300-7900 BCE CT M5603, M5624, CTS3460, M5822 None given Lazaridis 2016
PPNB Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1727 / AG 83_30]

M 8300-7900 BCE CT (xE, G, J, LT, R, Q1a, Q1b) M5723+, CTS7922+, M5769+, M5822+, M5823+ None given Lazaridis 2016
PPNB Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1415 / AG 84/2]

M 8197-7653 calBCE

E1b1b1 CTS2216+ Lazaridis 2016
Iran Ganj Dareh [I1290 / GD 13A] F 8179-7613 calBCE (8780±50 BP) X2 Gallego-Llorente 2016; Lazaridis 2016
Iran Ganj Dareh [I1945 / GD 16] M 8000-7700 BCE P1 (xQ, R1b1a2, R1a1a1b1a1b, R1a1a1b1a3a, R1a1a1b2a2a) P282+ (F1237.1-, FGC4603-, CTS12478-, CTS11962-, L448-, Z2123-) J1c10 Lazaridis 2016
Iran Ganj Dareh [I1949 / GD 37] M 8000-7700 BCE CT M5593, PF228, M5624, PF342, Z17710, CTS2842, CTS5532, M5730, M5751, M5765, CTS11358. None given Lazaridis 2016
PPNB Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1710 / AG 83_6]

M 7733-7526 calBCE (8580±60 BP) E1b1b1 (xE1b1b1b1a1, E1b1b1a1b1, E1b1b1a1b2, E1b1b1b2a1c) M5041+ (CTS5819-, L618-, CTS5479-, V23-) T1a2 Lazaridis 2016
PPNB Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1707 / AG 83_5]

M 7722-7541 calBCE (8590±50 BP) T (xT1a1, T1a2a) PF7466+, CTS7263+, CTS10416+ (FGC3945.2- P322-) R0a Lazaridis 2016
PPNB Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1704 / AG 89_1]

F 7446-7058 calBCE (8190±60 BP) T1a Lazaridis 2016
PPNB Israel Motza [I0867 / Motz 1] M 7300-6750 BCE H2 M2713+, M2896+, M2936+, M2942+, M2992+, M3070+ (H), P96+ (H2). It was not derived for any downstream mutations K1a4b Lazaridis 2016
PPNB Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1679 / AG 037C]

F 6900-6800 BCE

None given Lazaridis 2016
PPNC Jordan 'Ain Ghazal [I1699 / AG 84_5]

F 6800-6700 BCE

R0a2 Lazaridis 2016
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H3]
6800-6000 BC

R0 7028T, 10550G, 10873T, 12308A, 12705C, 14766T, 16293Cb Fernández 2008; corrected by Fernández 2014
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H4]
6800-6000 BC

K 7028T, 10550G, 12308G, 16311C Fernández 2008; corrected by Fernández 2014
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H7]
6800-6000 BC

K 7028T, 10550G, 12308G, 16311C Fernández 2008; corrected by Fernández 2014
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H8]
6800-6000 BC

L3 7028T, 10550A, 10398A, 10400C, 10873C, 12308A, 16223T Fernández 2014
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H25]
6800-6000 BC

K 10550G, 12308G, 16224C, 16311C Fernández 2014
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H28]
6800-6000 BC

U* 10550A, 12308G, 16311C Fernández 2014
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H49]
6800-6000 BC

H 7028C, 16256T Fernández 2008; corrected by Fernández 2014
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H53]
6800-6000 BC [I1101/M11-352a]

HV CRS in 16,126–16,256; 7028T, 12308A Fernández 2008; corrected by Fernández 2014
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H68]
6800-6000 BC
H 7028C, 16294T Fernández 2008; corrected by Fernández 2014
PPNB Syria Tell Halula [H70]
6800-6000 BC

N* 4646T, 7028T, 10550A, 10873T, 12308A, 12705T, 14766T, 16356C Fernández 2014
Turkey Barcın [I0707/BAR2 / L11-213] F 6500-6200 BC K1a4 Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I0708/BAR6 / L11-439] M 6500-6200 BC J2a M410, L559, L212; J2a-M410 > PF4610 > Z6049 > Z6048(xS20392) N1b1a Mathieson 2015; Additional info on Y-DNA SNPs from Chris Rоttеnѕtеіnеr
Turkey Barcın [I0709/BAR20 / M13-170] M 6500-6200 BC H2 L281, P96, L284, L285, L286 U3 Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I0736/L11-216] F 6500-6200 BC N1a1a1a Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I0744/M10-275] M 6500-6200 BC G2a2b2a Z3077, CTS688, PF3329, CTS4454, CTS10366, P303, Z3243, PF3342, Z3481, PF3343 J1c11 Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I0745/M11-363] M 6500-6200 BC H2 L281, P96, L284, L285, L286 U8b1b1 Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I0746/L11-322] M 6500-6200 BC G2a2b2a1c CTS342 K1a or K1a1 Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1096/BAR26/M10-76] M 6500-6200 BC I2c L596, L597 N1a1a1 Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1097/BAR271 / M10-271] M 6500-6200 BC G2a2b2a Z3077, CTS946, PF3329, CTS4454, CTS10366, Z3243, PF3342, Z3481 W1-T119C Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1098/BAR99 / M10-352] F 6500-6200 BC X2d2 Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1099/L11-S-488] M 6500-6200 BC G2a2a1b L91 T2b Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1100/M11-351] F 6500-6200 BC K1a or K1a6

Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1101/M11-352a] M 6500-6200 BC T2b Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1102/M11-354] M 6500-6200 BC C1a2 V20 K1a3a Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1103/M11-S-350] M 6500-6200 BC G2a2a1b1 PF3247 K1b1b1 Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1579/M13-72] F 6500-6200 BC K1a-C150T Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1580/L12-393] F 6500-6200 BC H5 Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1581/L12-502] F 6500-6200 BC U3 Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1583/L14-200] M 6500-6200 BC G2a2a1b L91 K1a2 Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I1585/M11-59] F 6500-6200 BC J1 or J1c Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [I0854/L11-215] F 6500-6200 BC N1a1a1a Mathieson 2015
Fikirtepe Turkey Menteşe [I0723/T1, M229 / UH] M 6400-500 BC G2a2a PF3165, PF3166, PF3175, PF3184 X2m2 Mathieson 2015
Fikirtepe Turkey Menteşe [I0724/T2 / UP] M 6400-500 BC I CTS6231 K1a4 Mathieson 2015
Fikirtepe Turkey Menteşe [I0726/M15, M15.2, M15.2 / UF] F 6400-500 BC H or H5-C16192T Mathieson 2015
Fikirtepe Turkey Menteşe [I0727/M24 / UA JK 16] M 6400-500 BC G CTS11294 K1a2 Mathieson 2015
Fikirtepe Turkey Menteşe [I0725/T4 / SSK15] F 6400-500 BC N1a1a1a Mathieson 2015
Turkey Barcın [Bar31] M 6419–6238 BC G2a2b X2m Hofmanová 2015
Turkey Barcın [Bar8] F 6212–6030 BC K1a2 Hofmanová 2015
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Ramad [R64-4II] 6000-5750 BC R0 7028T, 10550A, 10873T, 12308A, 12705C, 16293C Fernández 2014
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Ramad [T65-14] 6000-5750 BC
K 10550G, 12308G, 16224C, 16311C, 16366T Fernández 2005; Fernández 2014
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Ramad [R65-C8-SEB]
6000-5750 BC

K

12308G, 16224C, 16311C, 16366T

Fernández 2005; Fernández 2014
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Ramad [R65-1S]
6000-5750 BC

K 10550G, 16224C, 16311C, 16366T Fernández 2005; Fernández 2014
Pre-pottery Neolithic B Syria Tell Ramad [R69(2)]
6000-5750 BC
R0 7028T, 10873T, 12308A, 12705C, 16293C Fernández 2014
Halaf Turkey Tell Kurdu, Amuq C phase [12:14 and 12:18] M 6000-5800 BC

H3a? 2 samples 16104T, 16187T, 16216G, 16239G, 16319C Özbal 2010 citing 2004
Halaf Turkey Tell Kurdu, Amuq C phase [25:8] F 6000-5800 BC

? 16094G, 16163G, 16187T Özbal 2010
Halaf Turkey Tell Kurdu, Amuq C phase [25:80] M 6000-5800 BC

? 16104T, 16187T, 16216G, 16219G, 16312C Özbal 2010

Turkey Tell Kurdu, Amuq C/D/E [26:2] M 6000-4000 BC
? 16094G, 16163G, 16187T Özbal 2010

Turkey Tell Kurdu, Amuq C/D/E [12:13 and 26:12] M + F 6000-4000 BC

H3a? 2 samples 16104T, 16187T, 16216G, 16239G, 16319C Özbal 2010

Turkey Tell Kurdu, Amuq C/D/E [24:27]
6000-4000 BC

? 16104T, 16187T, 16216G, 16219G, 16312C Özbal 2010
Iran Seh Gabi [I1671 / SG2] M 5837-5659 calBCE (6850±50 BP) G2a1 (xG2a1a) FGC666+, FGC587+, FGC7537+, FGC592+, FGC7533+, FGC593+, FGC594, FGC7536+, FGC600+, FGC602+, FGC606+, FGC607+, FGC610+, FGC617+, FGC618+, FGC7543+, FGC7547+, FGC631+, FGC7546+, FGC635+, FGC637+, FGC639+, FGC641+ ( FGC703-, FGC741-, FGC762-). K1a12a Lazaridis 2016
Turkey Kumtepe [Kum6] 6,700 BP H2a 73A, 146T, 195T, 247G, 769G, 825T, 1018G, 2706A, 2758G, 2885T, 3594C, 4104A, 4312C, 4769A, 7146A, 7256C, 8468C, 8655C, 8701A, 9540T, 10398A, 10664C, 10688G, 10873T, 10915T, 11719G, 11914G, 12705C, 13105A, 13276A, 13506C, 13650C, 14766C, 16187C, 16189T, 16223C, 16230A, 16278C, 16311T Omrak 2016